Friday, October 14, 2011

The Immigration Rag

This is a Nation born of immigrants and routinely sustained by a regular flow of immigrants. There have been, over the years, attempts to regulate this flow for a myriad of reasons. The advent of the post-9/11 era has given more weight to knee jerk reactions to this question than we have normally seen throughout or history. Predictably so, as 9/11 signifies the first modern day attack on American soil.
What follows is not a point of view, rather a summary look at this history. In some way, we need to come to terms with the societal changes occurring all over the globe; not just the changes inside our own borders. Bob Dylan knew this a long time time ago, in a far off land; “….for the times they are a changing…’”.


(to wit:)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Naturalization is the process of gaining United States citizenship. Becoming an American citizen is the ultimate goal for many immigrants, but very few people are aware that the requirements for naturalization have been over 200 years in the making.

Legislative History of Naturalization

Before applying for naturalization, most immigrants must have spent 5 years as a permanent resident in the United States. How did we come up with the "5-year rule"? The answer is found in the legislative history of immigration to the U.S. Naturalization requirements are set out in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), the basic body of immigration law. Before the INA was created in 1952, a variety of statutes governed immigration law. Let's take a look at the major changes to naturalization requirements.

·         Before the Act of March 26, 1790, naturalization was under the control of the individual states. This first federal activity established a uniform rule for naturalization by setting the residence requirement at 2 years.

·         The Act of January 29, 1795 repealed the 1790 act, and raised the residence requirement to 5 years. It also required, for the first time, a declaration of intention to seek citizenship at least 3 years before naturalization.

·         Along came the Naturalization Act of June 18, 1798 - a time when political tensions were running high and there was an increased desire to guard the nation. The residence requirement for naturalization was raised from 5 years to 14 years.

·         Four years later, Congress passed the Naturalization Act of April 14, 1802, which reduced the residence period for naturalization from 14 years back to 5 years.

·         The Act of May 26, 1824 made it easier for the naturalization of certain aliens who had entered the U.S. as minors, by setting a 2-year instead of a 3-year interval between declaration of intention and admission to citizenship.

·         The Act of May 11, 1922 was an extension of a 1921 Act, and included an amendment that changed the residency requirement in a Western Hemisphere country from 1 year to the current requirement of 5 years.

·         Noncitizens who had served honorably in the U.S. armed forces during the Vietnam conflict or in other periods of military hostilities, were recognized in the Act of October 24, 1968. This act amended the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, providing an expedited naturalization process for these military members.

·         The 2-year continuous U.S. residence requirement was done away with in the Act of October 5, 1978.

·         A major overhaul of immigration law occurred with the Immigration Act of November 29, 1990. In it, state residency requirements were reduced to the current requirement of 3 months.

Naturalization Requirements Today

Today's general naturalization requirements state that you must have 5 years as a lawful permanent resident in the U.S. prior to filing, with no single absence from the U.S. of more than 1 year. In addition, you must have been physically present in the U.S. for at least 30 months out of the previous 5 years and resided within a state or district for at least 3 months.

It is important to note that there are exceptions to the 5-year rule for certain people. These include: spouses of U.S. citizens; employees of the U.S. Government (including the U.S. Armed Forces); American research institutes recognized by the Attorney General; recognized U.S. religious organizations; U.S. research institutions; an American firm engaged in the development of foreign trade and commerce of the U.S.; and certain public international organizations involving the U.S.
Source: ...Cached - Similar



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

American immigration history can be viewed in four epochs: the colonial period, the mid-nineteenth century, the turn of the twentieth, and post-1965. Each period brought distinct national groups, races, and ethnicities to the United States. During the seventeenth century, approximately 175,000 Englishmen migrated to Colonial America. Over half of all European immigrants to Colonial America during the 17th and 18th centuries arrived as indentured servants. The mid-nineteenth century saw mainly an influx from northern Europe; the early twentieth-century mainly from Southern and Eastern Europe; post-1965 mostly from Latin America and Asia.

Historians estimate that less than one million immigrants—perhaps as few as 400,000—crossed the Atlantic during the 17th and 18th centuries. The 1790 Act limited naturalization to "free white persons"; it was expanded to include blacks in the 1860s and Asians in the 1950s. In the early years of the United States, immigration was fewer than 8,000 people a year, including French refugees from the slave revolt in Haiti. After 1820, immigration gradually increased. From 1836 to 1914, over 30 million Europeans migrated to the United States. The death rate on these transatlantic voyages was high, during which one in seven travelers died.  In 1875, the nation passed its first immigration law.

The peak year of European immigration was in 1907, when 1,285,349 persons entered the country. By 1910, 13.5 million immigrants were living in the United States. In 1921, the Congress passed the Emergency Quota Act, followed by the Immigration Act of 1924. The 1924 Act was aimed at further restricting the Southern and Eastern Europeans, especially Jews, Italians, and Slavs, who had begun to enter the country in large numbers beginning in the 1890s. Most of the European refugees fleeing the Nazis and World War II were barred from coming to the United States.

The welfare system was practically non-existent before the 1930s and the economic pressures on the poor were giving rise to child labor.

Immigration patterns of the 1930s were dominated by the Great Depression, which hit the U.S. hard and lasted over ten years there. In the final prosperous year, 1929, there were 279,678 immigrants recorded, but in 1933, only 23,068 came to the U.S. In the early 1930s, more people emigrated from the United States than immigrated to it. The U.S. government sponsored a Mexican Repatriation program which was intended to encourage people to voluntarily move to Mexico, but thousands were deported against their will. Altogether about 400,000 Mexicans were repatriated. In the post-war era, the Justice Department launched Operation Wetback, under which 1,075,168 Mexicans were deported in 1954.
The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, also known as the Hart-Cellar Act, abolished the system of national-origin quotas. By equalizing immigration policies, the act resulted in new immigration from non-European nations, which changed the ethnic make-up of the United States. While European immigrants accounted for nearly 60% of the total foreign population in 1970, they accounted for only 15% in 2000. Immigration doubled between 1965 and 1970, and again between 1970 and 1990. In 1990, George H. W. Bush signed the Immigration Act of 1990, which increased legal immigration to the United States by 40%. Appointed by Bill Clinton, the U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform recommended reducing legal immigration from about 800,000 people per year to approximately 550,000. While an influx of new residents from different cultures presents some challenges, "the United States has always been energized by its immigrant populations," said President Bill Clinton in 1998. "America has constantly drawn strength and spirit from wave after wave of immigrants. They have proved to be the most restless, the most adventurous, the most innovative, the most industrious of people."

Nearly eight million immigrants came to the United States from 2000 to 2005, more than in any other five-year period in the nation's history. Almost half entered illegally. Since 1986, Congress has passed seven amnesties for illegal immigrants. In 1986, Ronald Reagan signed immigration reform that gave amnesty to 3 million illegal immigrants in the country. Hispanic immigrants were among the first victims of the late-2000s recession, but since the recession's end in June 2009, immigrants posted a net gain of 656,000 jobs. 1.1 million immigrants were granted legal residence in 2009.

Persons Obtaining Legal Permanent Resident Status Fiscal Years


Source: US Department of Homeland Security, Persons Obtaining Legal Permanent Resident Status: Fiscal Years 1820 to 2010

***********************************************From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Immigration to the United States has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of the history of the United States. The economic, social, and political aspects of immigration have caused controversy regarding ethnicity, economic benefits, jobs for non-immigrants, settlement patterns, impact on upward social mobility, crime, and voting behavior. As of 2006, the United States accepts more legal immigrants as permanent residents than all other countries in the world combined. Since the removal of ethnic quotas in immigration in 1965, the number of first- generation immigrants living in the United States has quadrupled, from 9.6 million in 1970 to about 38 million in 2007. 1,046,539 persons were naturalized as U.S. citizens in 2008. The leading emigrating countries to the United States were Mexico, India, the Philippines, and China.

The cheap airline travel post-1960 facilitated travel to the United States, but migration remains difficult, expensive, and dangerous for those who cross the United States–Mexico border illegally. Family reunification accounts for approximately two-thirds of legal immigration to the US every year. The number of foreign nationals who became legal permanent residents (LPRs) of the U.S. in 2009 as a result of family reunification (66%) outpaced those who became LPRs on the basis of employment skills (13%) and humanitarian reasons (17%).

Recent debates on immigration have called for increasing enforcement of existing laws with regard to illegal immigration to the United States, building a barrier along some or all of the 2,000-mile (3,200 km) U.S.-Mexico border, or creating a new guest worker program. Through much of 2006, the country and Congress was immersed in a debate about these proposals. As of April 2010, few of these proposals had become law, though a partial border fence was approved and subsequently canceled.


“and, the beat goes on......” ( Sonny & Cher)

Wednesday, October 12, 2011

Is someone getting nervous?

We’re entering week four of the protest on Wall Street. Is the message getting clearer? Is the message getting through to the targeted people? I know it’s in New York City, but are the politicians in Washington, D.C. listening? Do they even care? Well, we’re the 99% that’s being talked about, now, and we’re all a little ticked off at the way our “representative” government isn’t really representative at all.
I hear a lot of folks asking, “Why aren’t these protesters doing their thing down in Washington, D.C.?” To be honest, we’ve been there and done that, and it hasn’t worked too well. After all, politicians are not the source of all our woes. The folks that contribute the most to political campaigns are the source of all our woes. And, yes, Virginia, corporations are “people” now; our Supreme Court has confirmed that. So, you see, the protesters are in exactly the right spot and the owners of our political system are getting a little nervous.

This movement has passed the politicians right on bye in favor of driving the source of the problem into ceasing its stranglehold on everything we like to think of as “American”. Don’t believe the numbers that get spewed from inside the Beltway. Its all oral diarrhea intended to confuse us into thinking they have a handle on all these “complex” issues. There really are no “complex” issues. What we stand for and do as a Nation are very straight forward and perfectly understandable. How we govern ourselves is very straight forward and understandable. How we choose to run our capitalistic economy is very straight forward and understandable. When “We The People” relinquish control by forgoing our voting power, we are doomed to pay the price. I direct you to the past thirty, or so, years of the decline in our industrial base, the loss of our middle class, and the ensuing loss of a tax base large enough to run anything. You may have heard the expression, “I’m so broke, I can’t pay attention.” Consider this no longer an expression, but the reality of our world right now.

The owners of our wealth have known this for quite some time, and are very surprised it has taken the proletariat this long to react. With no middle class and no tax base, the wealth won’t be worth anything. Ah, but you say the fat cats have all their assets protected in overseas investments. OOOPS! Has anyone tuned in to what’s happening “overseas”? They’re in worse shape than we are. So, what are the fat cats going to be left holding? Nothing, that’s what. If you get a chance to see any of these fat cats, please notice the copious amounts of anti-persepirant   and deodorant being applied. Yes, they are getting a little bit nervous, I’d say.

2012 is going to be a party year!

Listed below are some folks worth watching, listening to, and considering in the 2012 Presidential campaign. Unfortunately, you won’t get to see, or hear, from most of the Republicans on this list. The reason for that is they make too much sense for the main stream media to understand. John Huntsman and Herman Cain are the only two, so far, being showcased by the Republican establishment. The only Democrat you hear from is, obviously, Barack Obama.
In my opinion, these are the only folks willing to take the abuse of running for public office who actually have plans, with facts and figures, as to how they want to this Country to proceed. Are they all correct in everything they propose? Of course they aren’t. They are, however, passionate about their positions. If we the people could just figure out away to get them out from under the control of big business and high finance, we could recover from the mess we’re in and avoid the long fall into the dark abyss of failed societies.


American politician who served as the 45th Governor of Pennsylvania. Rendell, a member of the Democratic Party, was elected Governor of Pennsylvania in 2002, and his term of office began January 21, 2003. He was recently a member of the Democratic Governors Association Executive Committee and served as General Chairman of the Democratic National Committee during the 2000 presidential election. From 2008 to 2009, Governor Rendell was the Chairman of the National Governors Association. He was married to Marjorie Rendell, a federal judge for the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Rendell is also a faculty member of the Fels Institute of Government at the University of Pennsylvania, and chair of Team Pennsylvania Foundation.

Biden unsuccessfully sought the Democratic presidential nomination in 1988 and 2008, both times dropping out early in the race. Barack Obama selected Biden to be the Democratic Party nominee for Vice President in the 2008 U.S. presidential election. Biden is the first Roman Catholic and the first Delawarean to become Vice President of the United States. As Vice President, Biden has been heavily involved in Obama's decision-making process and held the oversight role for infrastructure spending from the Obama stimulus package aimed at counteracting the late-2000s recession. His ability to negotiate with Congressional Republicans played a key role in bringing about the bipartisan deals that resulted in the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 that resolved a taxation deadlock and the Budget Control Act of 2011 that resolved the United States debt ceiling crisis.

Governor Roemer served four terms in the United States Congress from 1981 – 1988 as a conservative Democrat who often broke ranks with his party to vote with President Reagan, and was Louisiana Governor from 1988-1992 as both a Democrat and Republican

Born to a Kenyan father and a Caucasian mother, the former community activist and lawyer came into national prominence with a show stopping keynote address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention in Boston, befitting his reputation as a brilliant orator. In 2008, after a hard fought win against Hillary Clinton to secure the Democratic nomination, the former Senator from Illinois crushed Republican John McCain to become the first African American to claim the presidency.


The former Libertarian Republican Governor does not attend church, is pro-choice, anti-big government, pro-immigration, an outspoken critic of the war on drugs and favors legalizing marijuana. He led New Mexico for eight years, during which time the state saw no tax increase, and he vetoed over 750 separate pieces of legislation to keep the government from growing. However, his views on civil liberties, foreign policy and drugs may be difficult for many conservatives to reconcile with.

Cancer survivor, YouTube sensation and former mathematician with the US Navy, Herman Cain has a résumé that demands your attention. His experience on all three major fronts of American politics - corporate, legislative and media – through his stellar career at Pillsbury, the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City (as chairman) and as the host of WSB’s "The Herman Cain Show" in Atlanta, guarantees that the articulate Republican will never face a question of credibility.

The 51-year old former Governor of Utah officially announced his much-anticipated entry into the presidential race, with the Statue of Liberty spectacularly serving as the backdrop. The highly rated and charismatic Republican technocrat is considered by many in Washington as one of most dangerous dark horses in the race, and is one of the few capable of unseating President Obama.

Fred Karger, one of the shrewdest Republican political operators of the past three decades, announced the formation of his 2012 Exploratory Committee on July 18, 2010, making him the first ever openly gay aspirant for the presidency. Despite being a lifelong Republican, the 61-year old Karger will be running on an independent ticket. His campaign was hit with a sucker punch when he was locked out of the Carolina Republican Party Presidential Debate of May 5, with the organizers citing his low poll numbers as the reason.

Wuensche ran for President in 2008, garnering a tenth place finish in both the Iowa and New Hampshire primaries, despite spending only $36,000. In 100 days, the owner of Houston’s third oldest construction company, visited over 6,000 local businesses and churches in 242 towns in both states.

Sunday, October 9, 2011

Compare & Contrast

I recently got these statistics in an e-mail from a friend. The numbers do reflect “salaries”, but the real point here is that the recipients of the top four figures get these amounts as life-long “pensions”. And, just who do you think pays for all this?

I don’t think anyone who really works for a living can dispute the conclusion.


Salary of retired US Presidents ......................$180,000 PER YEAR/LIFE

Salary of House/Senate ..................................$174,000 PER YEAR/LIFE

Salary of Speaker of the House ......................$223,500 PER YEAR/LIFE

Salary of Majority/Minority Leaders .......... ..$193,400 PER YEAR/LIFE

Salary of Soldier deployed in Afghanistan ....$38,000 PER YEAR/ ?,???

I think we found where the cuts should be made!

On top of this, some Soldiers come home dead; all Soldiers come home wounded.


I don’t normally have so many articles on the front page of any edition of the New York Times jump off the page. Saturday, October 8, was the exception. Cudo’s to The Times, because all four were significantly different in their subject matter.
New York, New York – The New York Times, October 8, 2011
 – Vol. CLXI, NO… 55,5552
Page 1 – Lead Articles and other Articles of note

#1 = Col.6, top right, “Modest Growth In Jobs Tempers Recession Fears”
I read the headline and said ”I don’t really have to read this.” You know I did, and, low and behold, I was right. I didn’t have to read it; I could have written it in my “satire” section. Are the rest of you sick and tired of everyone involved in our National statistics revising, seasonally adjusting, protracting, subtracting, and abstracting numbers that don’t mean a hill ‘o beans to we the people? It isn’t rocket science. Numbers are pretty “grassroots”, and, if you don’t mess with them, they will tell you the truth. So, let’s get down to basics and re-learn what we were taught in elementary school: how to add and subtract.

#2 = Col. 5, top center, “In G.O.P. Race, Foreign Policy Is A Footnote”
Now, wait a damn minute. We’re not that stupid, are we? One of the major pillars of the GOP Platform, since its inception, has been its strength and knowledge base on Foreign Policy and Foreign Affairs. This has always been contrasted with the Democratic platform pillar of National and Inter policy and Affairs. The message here is that we no longer have any political party platform that is in any shape or form concerned with Foreign Policy! When I got to the second paragraph, and read, ”Many foreign policy experts regard such proposals as head-scratchers, at best,…….” I discontinued all interest in persuing the rest of this article.

#3 = Hi-lights Sec., across bottom of page.
a] Romney’s Faith Attacked: Whether, or not, you agree with his politics, the man is Constitutionally garraunteed of his right to worship as he sees fit. For someone of another faith to call Romney’s religious preference a “cult” is absolute absurdity. And, no, I did not continue past the headline. I refuse to give up space in my limited brain to such drivel.        
b] Neighbors Are Weary Of Protest: You know this got my blood flowing at a faster pace. For the sake of brevity, I will say that there are certain periferral conditions that arise from any organized revolt, or prolonged protest,. These should be obvious and expected by all folks affected. This includes some “political correct” mother who doesn’t want her poor. little Johnny exposed to such barbarian behavior while she pushes him through the crowd in his little stroller. Woman, get a f___k___ life!

When newspapers and news magazines meet their end, it will be a sad moment in History. I hope I don’t see it in my lifetime; where would I ever be gifted little nuggets as the above?