"With which countries does the United States have an FTA?The United States has 12 FTAs in force with 17 countries. In addition, the United States has negotiated FTAs with Korea, Panama and Colombia, but these agreements have not yet entered into force. The United States is also in the process of negotiating a regional FTA, the Trans-Pacific Partnership, with Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam."
U.S. FTA Partner Countries:Australia
· ChileDR-CAFTA: Costa Rica, Dominican Republic,
El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, & Nicaragua
**NAFTA: Canada & Mexico **
**NAFTA: Canada & Mexico **
· 1951 – Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide – (with U.S. qualifications)
· 1951 – Treaty of San Francisco – a peace treaty between the Allied powers and Japan; ends the Pacific conflict of World War II
· 1951 – Mutual Defense Treaty – between the Republic of the Philippines and the United States of America
· 1951 – Treaty of Security between the United States and Japan (updated 1960)
· 1952 – ANZUS Treaty – mutual defense alliance between Australia, New Zealand, and the U.S.
· 1953 – Mutual Defense Treaty – Created an alliance with South Korea, and established the basis of South Korean adherence with U.S.
Government consulations on North Korean policy
· 1954 – U.S. and Japan Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement
· 1954 - Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty
· 1955 – Central Treaty Organization AKA CENTO, the Middle East Treaty Organization (METO), Baghdad Pact – creates CENTO mutual
· 1955 – The Open Skies Treaty – allow access to other nations' military activities by means of aerial surveillance flights
· 1956 – Dutch-American Friendship Treaty
· 1957 – International Atomic Energy Treaty (US PL 85-177)
· 1960 – Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan – mutual defense treaty with Japan
· 1961 – Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (US PL 87-297)
· 1961 – Columbia River Treaty (ratified in 1964) – with Canada to manage water in the Columbia River valley
· 1961 – Alliance for Progress
· 1961 – Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs
· 1963 – Partial Test Ban Treaty
· 1967 – Outer Space Treaty
· 1968 – Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
· 1970 – Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)
· 1971 – Geneva Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of Their Phonograms
· 1972 – Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty AKA ABM Treaty (U.S. withdrew in 2002)
· 1972 – SALT I (Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty)
· 1972 – Biological Weapons Convention
· 1972 – Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London Convention) (implemented by
U.S., but not signed)
· 1972 – Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement – regulates water quality along the U.S.-Canadian border
· 1974 – Threshold Test Ban Treaty
· 1978 – Camp David Accords – between Israel and Egypt; negotiated and signed in U.S.
· 1978 – Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (1978) – regulates water quality along the U.S.-Canadian border
· 1979 – SALT II (not ratified by U.S.
· 1985 – Plaza Accord – G-5 agreed to devalue the US dollar in relation to the Japanese yen and German Deutsche Mark by intervening in
· 1986 – Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or Between International Organizations
· 1988 – Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) – with U.S. and USSR
· 1988 – United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
· 1990 – Treaty on the Final Settlement With Respect to Germany – final World War II peace with Germany and Allies
· 1991 – Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe - Signed by all 16 NATO members and Warsaw Pact nations; ratified by all 16
NATO states, the eight successor states to the USSR that have territory in Europe, and the six former Warsaw Pact nations
· 1992 – International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ratified with qualifications by U.S. Senate)
· 1993 – Chemical Weapons Convention
· 1993 – START II (ratified by U.S. and Russia)
· 1994 – North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
· 1994 – United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea AKA Law of the Sea, LOS (not ratified by U.S.)
· 1995 – Dayton Agreement – ends war and determines the future of Bosnia and Herzegovina; negotiated and signed in U.S.
· 1995 – General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
· 1996 – WIPO Copyright Treaty – protects computer programs and databases
· 1996 – Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (signed but not ratified by U.S.)
· 1998 – Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court ("unsigned" by the U.S.)
· 2000 – Patent Law Treaty (PLT) – (not ratified by U.S.)
· 2001 – Convention on Cybercrime – a highly controversial proposal (U.S. Senate ratified August 2006
· 2002 – SORT (Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty) AKA Moscow Treaty – limits the nuclear arsenals of Russia and the U.S.
· 2004 – International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture AKA "International Seed Treaty" – to assure farmers'
access to seeds of the world's food security crops (not ratified by U.S.)
· 2010 – New START (The New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) U.S./Russia Treaty – limits the nuclear arsenal capabilities of Russia and
the U.S. while allowing for inspection
Got your atterntion, yet?
I have attempted to keep this offering within the post-WW II era, which includes the birth of the ‘atomic age’, the ‘age of aquarius ‘, and the ‘computer age’. If you look at just this period of time, you may get a warm, fuzzy feeling that the World is full of prosperity and peace. Unfortunately, we know different! What happened?
We do know that, during this time frame, the United States has been involved in 166 actions that required the presence and/or the use of guns and bullets. Of these 166 conflicts only two were formally authorize by Congress (declarations), and eight were joint U.N. resolutions. The remaining 158 ‘situations’ have been entered into via the “War Powers” act which allows the Executive branch free reign to deploy our Military anywhere in the World.
As a regular, ordinary citizen, I see that on one hand we are trying to create peace and prosperity, and, simultaneously, on the other hand choosing to turn plowshares into bullets. This line of thought is consistent with the fact that our Nation is the World’s largest socio-economic power and, at the same time, the World’s largest, most sophisticated Military power. I am not totally convinced that we can have both at the same time without some sort of negative consequence. What seems to be simmering just below the surface is starting to become a bit of a problem for us.As the Military-Industrial complex marches along to ever increasing heights, there is a cadre of very wealthy individuals who are content with the dismantling of our “Middle Class”, and the creation of a neo-feudalistic socio-economic structure. This will indeed destroy democracy as we have come to understand it. We will join with the majority of the World’s ‘Nations’ in a return to a tribal society. The wheels of this transformation have already been turning, and I think there may be only a handful of people who realize this is the direction which we are headed in. I’m talking about the “1%”. If you are not already in the “1%” club, you are pre-determined to be part peasant, or serf, class; ie. the “99%”. Indentured servitude will be the legacy we pass along to our children, and their children, and on, and on….
Unless, of course, We The Servants can successfully rebel, and reclaim the society and economy we have enjoyed up until now. The society and economy our parents worked so hard to pass along to us. To this end, all I can say is, “Let the games begin!”